There are currently 402 studies in the GENERA database.

Advanced Search

General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • tobacco
GE trait
  • other
  • USA, Israel


  • positive effect

Autoluminescent plants Open Access

Krichevsky, A; Meyers, B; Vainstein, A; Maliga, P; Citovsky, V
PLoS One. 2010 November. 5(11):e15461

Link to full text (open access, freely available)

PMID: 21103397 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015461 ISSN: 1932-6203


Prospects of obtaining plants glowing in the dark have captivated the imagination of scientists and layman alike. While light emission has been developed into a useful marker of gene expression, bioluminescence in plants remained dependent on externally supplied substrate. Evolutionary conservation of the prokaryotic gene expression machinery enabled expression of the six genes of the lux operon in chloroplasts yielding plants that are capable of autonomous light emission. This work demonstrates that complex metabolic pathways of prokaryotes can be reconstructed and function in plant chloroplasts and that transplastomic plants can emit light that is visible by naked eye.


chloroplast; Nicotiana tabacum; lux operon; light emission


Funding source
  • National Institutes of Health
  • USDA
  • NSF
  • Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund
  • Binational Science Foundation
Funding country
  • United States
  • Israel
Funding type
  • government

Links to outside analysis of this resource

Please contact us if you know of an independent summary or analysis of this resource.

Cite this study


Krichevsky, A, B Meyers, A Vainstein, P Maliga, V Citovsky. "Autoluminescent plants." PLoS One 5.11 (2010): e15461. Web. 4 Mar. 2024.


Krichevsky, A., Meyers, B., Vainstein, A., Maliga, P., & Citovsky, V. (2010). Autoluminescent plants. PLoS One, 5(11), e15461. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015461

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.