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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • canola
  • cotton
  • maize
  • soybean
GE trait
  • herbicide tolerance
  • insect resistance
  • The Netherlands
  • Australia
  • Costa Rica
  • USA, UK
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Taiwan


Safety for environment
  • positive effect

Altered pesticide use on transgenic crops and the associated general impact from an environmental perspective Review Article

Kleter, GA; Bhula, R; Bodnaruk, K; Carazo, E; Felsot, AS; Harris, CA; Katayama, A; Kuiper, HA; Racke, KD; Rubin, B; Shevah, Y; Stephenson, GR; Tanaka, K; Unsworth, J; Wauchope, RD; Wong, SS
Pest Management Science. 2007 November. 63(11):1107-15

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

PMID: 17880042 DOI: 10.1002/ps.1448 ISSN: 1626-498X


The large-scale commercial cultivation of transgenic crops has undergone a steady increase since their introduction 10 years ago. Most of these crops bear introduced traits that are of agronomic importance, such as herbicide or insect resistance. These traits are likely to impact upon the use of pesticides on these crops, as well as the pesticide market as a whole. Organizations like USDA-ERS and NCFAP monitor the changes in crop pest management associated with the adoption of transgenic crops. As part of an IUPAC project on this topic, recent data are reviewed regarding the alterations in pesticide use that have been observed in practice. Most results indicate a decrease in the amounts of active ingredients applied to transgenic crops compared with conventional crops. In addition, a generic environmental indicator -- the environmental impact quotient (EIQ) -- has been applied by these authors and others to estimate the environmental consequences of the altered pesticide use on transgenic crops. The results show that the predicted environmental impact decreases in transgenic crops. With the advent of new types of agronomic trait and crops that have been genetically modified, it is useful to take also their potential environmental impacts into account.


genetically modified crops; pesticide usage; environmental impact; indicators


Funding source
  • International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry
  • Dutch Ministry of Agriculture
Funding country
  • Switzerland
  • Denmark
Funding type
  • NGO: independent
  • government

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Cite this study


Kleter, GA, R Bhula, K Bodnaruk, E Carazo, AS Felsot, CA Harris, A Katayama, HA Kuiper, KD Racke, B Rubin, Y Shevah, GR Stephenson, K Tanaka, J Unsworth, RD Wauchope, SS Wong. "Altered pesticide use on transgenic crops and the associated general impact from an environmental perspective." Pest Management Science 63.11 (2007): 1107-15. Web. 4 Mar. 2024.


Kleter, GA., Bhula, R., Bodnaruk, K., Carazo, E., Felsot, AS., Harris, CA., Katayama, A., Kuiper, HA., Racke, KD., Rubin, B., Shevah, Y., Stephenson, GR., Tanaka, K., Unsworth, J., Wauchope, RD., & Wong, SS. (2007). Altered pesticide use on transgenic crops and the associated general impact from an environmental perspective. Pest Management Science, 63(11), 1107-15. doi:10.1002/ps.1448

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.