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Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • papaya, squash, potato, maize, soybean, cotton, canola
GE trait
  • multiple
  • Finland


  • mixed

Mutagenesis in crop improvement under the climate change Review Article Open Access

Jain, SM
Romanian Biotechnological Letters. 2010 February. 15(2):88-106

Link to full text (open access, freely available)


The purpose of mutation induction is to enhance mutation rate in a short duration in developing new plant varieties. The occurrence of spontaneous mutation frequency rate is very low and difficult to use in plant breeding. Traditionally mutations are induced by physical (e.g. gamma radiation) and chemical (e.g. ethylmethane sulfonate) mutagen treatment of both seed and vegetatively propagated crops. Recently high energy ion beams have been used for mutation induction. They induce largely deletion mutants. In International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) mutant database, over 3000 officially released mutant varieties have been released worldwide in cereals, ornamental plants, fruits, vegetables, and oil crops. As a result, sustainable food production has been maintained. By in vitro selection, desirable mutants with useful agronomical traits, e.g. abiotic and biotic stress tolerant can be isolated in a short period of time. The genetic fidelity of the regenerated plants is highly desirable for developing new improved plant varieties and a useful as a reliable tool for feeding the ever-growing human population, genomic function especially under climate change and limited arable land.


physical mutagen, chemical mutagen, mutation, deletion mutants, in vitro selection, genomic function


Funding source
  • Not reported
Funding country
  • Not reported
Funding type
  • Not reported

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Cite this study


Jain, SM. "Mutagenesis in crop improvement under the climate change." Romanian Biotechnological Letters 15.2 (2010): 88-106. Web. 26 Sep. 2023.


Jain, SM. (2010). Mutagenesis in crop improvement under the climate change. Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 15(2), 88-106.

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