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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • potato, maize, soybean, rice, cucumber, tomato, sweet pepper, pea, canola
GE trait
  • insect resistance
  • herbicide tolerance
  • disease resistance
  • marker
  • Spain


  • no effect
Safety for consumption
  • mixed

Toxicity studies of genetically modified plants: a review of the published literature Review Article

Domingo, JL
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2007 November. 47(8):721-33

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

PMID: 17987446 DOI: 10.1080/10408390601177670 ISSN: 1040-8398


According to the information reported by the WHO, the genetically modified (GM) products that are currently on the international market have all passed risk assessments conducted by national authorities. These assessments have not indicated any risk to human health. In spite of this clear statement, it is quite amazing to note that the review articles published in international scientific journals during the current decade did not find, or the number was particularly small, references concerning human and animal toxicological/health risks studies on GM foods. In this paper, the scientific information concerning the potential toxicity of GM/transgenic plants using the Medline database is reviewed. Studies about the safety of the potential use of potatoes, corn, soybeans, rice, cucumber, tomatoes, sweet pepper, peas, and canola plants for food and feed were included. The number of references was surprisingly limited. Moreover, most published studies were not performed by the biotechnology companies that produce these products. This review can be concluded raising the following question: where is the scientific evidence showing that GM plants/food are toxicologically safe?


genetically modified (GM) plants, toxicity, safety, health risks, DNA


Funding source
  • Not reported
Funding country
  • Not reported
Funding type
  • Not reported

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Cite this study


Domingo, JL. "Toxicity studies of genetically modified plants: a review of the published literature." Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 47.8 (2007): 721-33. Web. 22 Jun. 2024.


Domingo, JL. (2007). Toxicity studies of genetically modified plants: a review of the published literature. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 47(8), 721-33. doi:10.1080/10408390601177670

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.