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General Information

Document type
  • Journal Article
GE organism
  • maize
GE trait
  • insect resistance
  • quality
Country
  • USA

Results

Efficacy
  • positive effect
Equivalence
  • no effect
Safety for consumption
  • no effect

Broiler performance and carcass characteristics when fed diets containing lysine maize (LY038 or LY038 x MON 810), control, or conventional reference maize Open Access

Lucas, DM; Taylor, ML; Hartnell, GF; Nemeth, MA; Glenn, KC; Davis, SW
Poultry Science. 2007 October. 86(10):2152-2161

Link to full text (open access, freely available)

PMID: 17878445 ISSN: 0032-5791

Abstract

Lysine maize (Zea mays), LY038, was developed through the application of modern biotechnology to accumulate free Lys in the germ portion of maize grain and provide an alternative to direct addition of supplemental Lys to poultry diets. Maize LY038 x MON 810 was produced by conventional breeding of LY038 with MON 810, which provides the corn plant protection against feeding damage from the European corn borer. A 42-d broiler feeding study (10 pens of 10 male Cobb x Cobb 500 broilers/treatment) was conducted to compare the feeding value of grain from LY038 or LY038 x MON 810 to that of a conventional control (similar genetic background to the test maize) and 5 conventional maize hybrids. The LY038 and LY038 x MON 810 maize-based diets and control and conventional reference maize-based diets supplemented with l-Lys HCl were formulated to a Lys level below that required for optimal bird performance, whereas all other essential amino acids were present at levels, relative to Lys, above those required for optimal bird performance [1.05% and 0.90% total Lys (as-fed) for d 0 to 21 and d 21 to 42, respectively]. Total Lys level in control and reference maize-based diets without supplemental l-Lys HCl was formulated to be 0.079% lower than supplemented diets. Weight gain, feed efficiency, and carcass yield and composition of broilers fed diets containing LY038 or LY038 x MON 810 were not different (P > 0.05) from that of broilers fed l-Lys HCl-supplemented diets and were superior (P < or = 0.05) to that of broilers fed conventional maize diets without supplemental l-Lys HCl. Both broiler performance and carcass data demonstrate that the bioefficacy of the incremental Lys in LY038 or LY038 x MON 810 grain was not different from that of Lys in conventional maize diets supplemented with l-Lys HCl. Thus, LY038 and LY038 x MON 810 can be considered as wholesome as and more nutritious than conventional maize due to its higher-than-average Lys content.

Keywords

broiler performance; carcass quality; Corynebacterium glutamicum-derived lysine feedback insensitive dihydrodipicolinate synthase; cordapA; lysine; maize

Funding

Funding source
  • Monsanto
Funding country
  • United States
Funding type
  • industry: same

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Cite this study

MLA

Lucas, DM, ML Taylor, GF Hartnell, MA Nemeth, KC Glenn, SW Davis. "Broiler performance and carcass characteristics when fed diets containing lysine maize (LY038 or LY038 x MON 810), control, or conventional reference maize ." Poultry Science 86.10 (2007): 2152-2161 . Web. 27 Jul. 2017.

APA

Lucas, DM., Taylor, ML., Hartnell, GF., Nemeth, MA., Glenn, KC., & Davis, SW. (2007). Broiler performance and carcass characteristics when fed diets containing lysine maize (LY038 or LY038 x MON 810), control, or conventional reference maize . Poultry Science, 86(10), 2152-2161 .

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.