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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • cotton
GE trait
  • insect resistance
Country
  • China

Results

Safety for environment
  • negative effect

Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China

Lu, Y; Wu, K; Jiang, Y; Xia, B; Li, P; Feng, H; Wyckhuys, KA; Guo, Y
Science. 2010 May. 328(5982):1151-1154

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

PMID: 20466880 DOI: 10.1126/science.1187881 ISSN: 1095-9203

Abstract

Long-term ecological effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crops on nontarget pests have received limited attention, more so in diverse small holder-based cropping systems of the developing world. Field trials conducted over 10 years in northern China show that mirid bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) have progressively increased population sizes and acquired pest status in cotton and multiple other crops, in association with a regional increase in Bt cotton adoption. More specifically, our analyses show that Bt cotton has become a source of mirid bugs and that their population increases are related to drops in insecticide use in this crop. Hence, alterations of pest management regimes in Bt cotton could be responsible for the appearance and subsequent spread of nontarget pests at an agro-landscape level.

Keywords

ecology, Bt, Miridae, cotton, insecticide

Funding

Funding source
  • National Key Basic Research Program
  • National Natural Science Foundation of China
  • Key Project for Breeding Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Commonwealth Agricultural Scientific Research Project
Funding country
  • China
Funding type
  • government

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Cite this study

MLA

Lu, Y, K Wu, Y Jiang, B Xia, P Li, H Feng, KA Wyckhuys, Y Guo. "Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China." Science 328.5982 (2010): 1151-1154. Web. 19 Sep. 2017.

APA

Lu, Y., Wu, K., Jiang, Y., Xia, B., Li, P., Feng, H., Wyckhuys, KA., & Guo, Y. (2010). Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China. Science, 328(5982), 1151-1154. doi:10.1126/science.1187881

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