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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • pea
GE trait
  • insect resistance
Country
  • Australia

Results

Equivalence
  • mixed
Safety for consumption
  • no effect

Biological response of broiler chickens fed peas (Pisum sativum L.) expressing the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) α-amylase inhibitor transgene

Li, X; Higgins, TJV; Bryden, WL
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 2006 September. 86(12):1900–1907

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2552

Abstract

The nutritive value of transgenic peas expressing an α-amylase inhibitor (α-Ai1) was evaluated with broiler chickens. The effects of feeding transgenic peas on the development of visceral organs associated with digestion and nutrient absorption were also examined. The chemical composition of the conventional and the transgenic peas used in this study were similar. In the two feeding trials, that were conducted normal and transgenic peas were incorporated into a maize–soybean diet at concentrations up to 500 g kg−1. The diets were balanced to contain similar levels of apparent metabolisable energy (AME) and amino acids. In the first trial, the birds were fed the diets from 3 to 17 days post-hatching and with levels of transgenic peas at 250 g kg−1 or greater there was a significant reduction in body weight but an increase in feed intake resulting in deceased feed conversion efficiency. In the second trial, in which the birds were fed diets containing 300 g kg−1 transgenic peas until 40 days of age, growth performance was significantly reduced. It was also demonstrated that the ileal starch digestibility coefficient (0.80 vs 0.42) was significantly reduced in the birds fed transgenic peas. Determination of AME and ileal digestibility of amino acids in 5-week-old broilers demonstrated a significant reduction in AME (12.12 vs 5.08 MJ kg−1 DM) in the birds fed the transgenic peas. The AME value recorded for transgenic peas reflected the lower starch digestibility of this line. Ileal digestion of protein and amino acids was unaffected by treatment. Expression of α-Ai1 in peas did not appear to affect bird health or the utilisation of dietary protein. However, the significant reduction in ileal digestion of starch in transgenic peas does reduce the utility of this feedstuff in monogastric diets where efficient energy utilisation is required.

Keywords

peas (Pisum sativum); transgenic peas; chicken; starch; amino acid; digestibility, α-amylase inhibitor

Funding

Funding source
  • Grains Research and Development Corporation
Funding country
  • Australia
Funding type
  • government

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Cite this study

MLA

Li, X, TJV Higgins, WL Bryden. "Biological response of broiler chickens fed peas (Pisum sativum L.) expressing the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) α-amylase inhibitor transgene." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 86.12 (2006): 1900–1907. Web. 19 Sep. 2017.

APA

Li, X., Higgins, TJV., & Bryden, WL. (2006). Biological response of broiler chickens fed peas (Pisum sativum L.) expressing the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) α-amylase inhibitor transgene. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86(12), 1900–1907. doi:10.1002/jsfa.2552

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.