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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • potato
GE trait
  • quality
  • agronomic properties
Country
  • Finland
  • Scotland

Results

Equivalence
  • positive effect

Comparison of tuber proteomes of potato varieties, landraces, and genetically modified lines Open Access

Lehesranta, SJ; Davies, HV; Shepherd, LV; Nunan, N; McNicol, JW; Auriola, S; Koistinen, KM; Suomalainen, S; Kokko, HI; Kärenlampi, SO
Plant Physiology. 2005 July. 138(3):1690-1699

Link to full text (open access, freely available)

PMID: 15951487 DOI: 10.​1104/​pp.​105.​060152 ISSN: 0032-0889

Abstract

Crop improvement by genetic modification remains controversial, one of the major issues being the potential for unintended effects. Comparative safety assessment includes targeted analysis of key nutrients and antinutritional factors, but broader scale-profiling or "omics" methods could increase the chances of detecting unintended effects. Comparative assessment should consider the extent of natural variation and not simply compare genetically modified (GM) lines and parental controls. In this study, potato (Solanum tuberosum) proteome diversity has been assessed using a range of diverse non-GM germplasm. In addition, a selection of GM potato lines was compared to assess the potential for unintended differences in protein profiles. Clear qualitative and quantitative differences were found in the protein patterns of the varieties and landraces examined, with 1,077 of 1,111 protein spots analyzed showing statistically significant differences. The diploid species Solanum phureja could be clearly differentiated from tetraploid (Solanum tuberosum) genotypes. Many of the proteins apparently contributing to genotype differentiation are involved in disease and defense responses, the glycolytic pathway, and sugar metabolism or protein targeting/storage. Only nine proteins out of 730 showed significant differences between GM lines and their controls. There was much less variation between GM lines and their non-GM controls compared with that found between different varieties and landraces. A number of proteins were identified by mass spectrometry and added to a potato tuber two-dimensional protein map.

Keywords

potato; tuber; landrace; mass spectrometry; protein

Funding

Funding source
  • GMOCARE
  • SAFE FOODS
  • European Commission
  • Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department
  • Finnish Cultural Foundation
Funding country
  • EU
  • UK
  • Finland
Funding type
  • government

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Cite this study

MLA

Lehesranta, SJ, HV Davies, LV Shepherd, N Nunan, JW McNicol, S Auriola, KM Koistinen, S Suomalainen, HI Kokko, SO Kärenlampi. "Comparison of tuber proteomes of potato varieties, landraces, and genetically modified lines ." Plant Physiology 138.3 (2005): 1690-1699 . Web. 25 Sep. 2017.

APA

Lehesranta, SJ., Davies, HV., Shepherd, LV., Nunan, N., McNicol, JW., Auriola, S., Koistinen, KM., Suomalainen, S., Kokko, HI., Kärenlampi, SO. (2005). Comparison of tuber proteomes of potato varieties, landraces, and genetically modified lines . Plant Physiology, 138(3), 1690-1699 . doi:10.​1104/​pp.​105.​060152

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