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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE organism
  • maize
GE trait
  • insect resistance
Country
  • France

Results

Safety for consumption
  • positive effect

Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain Open Access

Folcher, L; Delos, M; Marengue, E; Jarry, M; Weissenberger, A; Eychenne, N; Regnault-Roger, C
Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2010 October-December. 30(4):711–719

Link to full text (open access, freely available)

DOI: 10.1051/agro/2010005

Abstract

Mycotoxins produced by Fusarium spp. during plant cultivation induce severe diseases in animal and humans. In 2007 a European Union regulation set maximum concentrations of mycotoxins in maize and derivatives of 4000 ppb for fumonisins B1 and B2, 1750 ppb for deoxynivalenol, and 350 ppb for zearalenone. To assess the safety of French maize food, investigations are currently being carried out by the national Biological Risk Monitoring network. Here, 84 plots were cropped with the Bt maize MON 810 and its isogenic non-Bt counterpart in 2005 and 2006 in Southwestern France. Mycotoxin levels were measured in grain at harvest. Fumonisins B1 and B2, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone were analysed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The data were analysed statistically using non-parametric tests for mycotoxins and analysis of variance for weather variables. As the climate was homogenous inside the experimental area, the transgenic event introduced into the maize was the only key parameter which differed between Bt and non-Bt maize plots. Our results show that Bt maize decreased concentrations of fumonisins by 90% and zearalenone by 50%, whereas the concentration of deoxynivalenol was slightly increased. Those findings suggest a competition among Fusarium species that produce fumonisins or trichothecenes. According to the European regulation, 93% of the Bt maize crops can be sold, compared with only 45% for non-Bt maize plots. Our results thus show that Bt maize improved food safety by greatly reducing mycotoxin levels in field crops in Southwestern France.

Keywords

Bt MON810 maize; fumonisins B1 and B2; deoxynivalenol; zearalenone; Regulation 1126/2007

Funding

Funding source
  • Not reported
Funding country
  • Not reported
Funding type
  • Not reported

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Cite this study

MLA

Folcher, L, M Delos, E Marengue, M Jarry, A Weissenberger, N Eychenne, C Regnault-Roger. "Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain." Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30.4 (2010): 711–719. Web. 19 Nov. 2017.

APA

Folcher, L., Delos, M., Marengue, E., Jarry, M., Weissenberger, A., Eychenne, N., Regnault-Roger, C. (2010). Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30(4), 711–719. doi:10.1051/agro/2010005

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.