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General Information

Document type
  • Peer-reviewed journal article
GE trait
  • herbicide tolerance
  • insect resistance
Country
  • Canada

Results

Safety for consumption
  • negative effect

Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada

Aris, A; Leblanc, S
Reproductive Toxicology. 2011 May. 31(4):528–533

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

PMID: 21338670 DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.02.004

Abstract

Pesticides associated to genetically modified foods (PAGMF), are engineered to tolerate herbicides such as glyphosate (GLYP) and gluphosinate (GLUF) or insecticides such as the bacterial toxin bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between maternal and fetal exposure, and to determine exposure levels of GLYP and its metabolite aminomethyl phosphoric acid (AMPA), GLUF and its metabolite 3-methylphosphinicopropionic acid (3-MPPA) and Cry1Ab protein (a Bt toxin) in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada. Blood of thirty pregnant women (PW) and thirty-nine nonpregnant women (NPW) were studied. Serum GLYP and GLUF were detected in NPW and not detected in PW. Serum 3-MPPA and CryAb1 toxin were detected in PW, their fetuses and NPW. This is the first study to reveal the presence of circulating PAGMF in women with and without pregnancy, paving the way for a new field in reproductive toxicology including nutrition and utero-placental toxicities.

Keywords

Pregnant women; Maternal and fetal blood; Nonpregnant women; Genetically modified foods; Glyphosate; Gluphosinate; Cry1Ab

Funding

Funding source
  • Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec
Funding country
  • Canada
Funding type
  • government

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Cite this study

MLA

Aris, A, S Leblanc. "Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada." Reproductive Toxicology 31.4 (2011): 528–533. Web. 19 Sep. 2017.

APA

Aris, A., & Leblanc, S. (2011). Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada. Reproductive Toxicology, 31(4), 528–533. doi:10.1016/j.reprotox.2011.02.004

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.