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General Information

Document type
  • Journal Article
GE organism
  • Tobacco
GE trait
  • other
Country
  • Israel

Results

Safety for environment
  • no effect

Poor competitive fitness of transgenically mitigated tobacco in competition with the wild type in a replacement series.

Al-Ahmad, Hani; Galili, Shmuel; Gressel, Jonathan
Planta. 2005 June. 222(2):372-385

Link to full text (journal may charge for access)

PMID: 15931502 DOI: 10.1007/s00425-005-1540-6 ISSN: 0032-0935; 1432-2048

Abstract

Transgenic crops can interbreed with other crop cultivars or with related weeds, increasing the po- tential of the hybrid progeny for competition. To pre- vent generating competitive hybrids, we previously tested tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) as a model for validating the transgenic mitigation (TM) concept using tandem constructs where a gene of choice is linked to mitigating genes that are positive or neutral to the crop, but deleterious to a recipient under competition. Here, we examine the efficacy of the TM concept at various ratios of transgenically mitigated tobacco in competition with the wild type tobacco in an ecological replacement series. The dwarf/herbicide-resistant TM transgenic plants cultivated alone under self-competition grew well and formed many more flowers than the tall wild type, which is an indication of greater reproductivity. In contrast to the wild type, TM flowering was almost completely suppressed in mixed cultures at most TM/ wild type ratios up to 75% transgenic, as the TM plants were extremely unfit to reproduce. In addition, homo- zygous TM progeny had an even lower competitive fit- ness against the wild type than hemizygous/homozygous TM segregants. Thus, the TM technology was effective in reducing the risk of transgene establishment of intraspecific transgenic hybrids at different competitive levels, at the close spacing typical of weed populations.

Keywords

Competitive fitness; Gene flow; Nicotiana; Replacement series; Tandem constructs; Transgenic mitigation

Funding

Funding source
  • Levin Foundation
  • INCO-DC
  • Israel and Siana Safer
Funding country
  • European Union
  • Israel
Funding type
  • NGO: independent
  • government
  • individual

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Cite this study

MLA

Al-Ahmad, Hani, Shmuel Galili, Jonathan Gressel. "Poor competitive fitness of transgenically mitigated tobacco in competition with the wild type in a replacement series.." Planta 222.2 (2005): 372-385. Web. 19 Sep. 2017.

APA

Al-Ahmad, Hani., Galili, Shmuel., & Gressel, Jonathan. (2005). Poor competitive fitness of transgenically mitigated tobacco in competition with the wild type in a replacement series.. Planta, 222(2), 372-385. doi:10.1007/s00425-005-1540-6

Please verify citations before use, citations are automatically generated based on information stored within the GENERA database and therefore may or may not be correct.